Biology

BCH 201
General Biochemistry I
BCH 201 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is designed to introduce students to the basic concept of Biochemistry as a discipline. Foundational topics such as the definition and scope of Biochemistry, cell, acidity and alkalinity and the properties and biological functions of the major biomolecules (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids) will be covered. This course is important for students of Biochemistry, other biological sciences, agricultural sciences and Chemistry.

BIO 101
General Biology 1
BIO 101 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course introduces the students to General Biology as a whole. The scope of Biology and its place in human welfare including characteristics of life, concepts in Biology, topical issues in Biology and career opportunities. Diversity and classification of living things. Cell structure and organization; functions of cellular organelles; diversity, general reproduction, interrelationship of organisms, heredity and evolution. Elements of ecology and types of habitat. Differences between plants and animals. Variation and life cycles of plants to include non-vascular plants like algae, fungi, bacteria, viruses, bryophytes and pteridophytes. Varieties and forms, life cycles and functions of flowering plants.

BIO 201
Introductory Genetics
BIO 201 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

The course serves as an introduction to the branch of Biology known as Genetics. It serves to teach the students the scope as well as varied applications of the field of Genetics. It is of great importance to students of Biology, Biochemistry and Microbiology who are likely to offer more specialised higher level courses in their respective departments in the area of genetics. The practical aspect of the course aims to teach students how to differentiate between hereditary traits from environmentally induced traits, how to observe, record and analyse genetic data using various statistical tests as well as computer statistical software and carrying tests such as Blood group determination. Topics to be taught include Mendelian genetics, Non-Mendelian inheritance, Population genetics, Microbial genetics as well as Molecular genetics.

BIO 203
General Physiology
BIO 203 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course focuses on general physiology designed primarily for students in biology and other related- disciplines. Topics to be covered include physical and chemical processes in animal and plant physiology including homeostasis; movement of materials across cell membranes; physiological principles of nutrition; food components such as carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and vitamins. Other topics include enzyme systems; nervous and hormonal communications.

BIO 205
Introductory Developmental Cell Biology
BIO 205 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is an introductory course in developmental cell biology designed primarily for students in biology and allied disciplines. As a practical oriented course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students in the use of microscopes in the study of cells and prepare them for other specialised demonstrations to be encountered at higher levels. Topics to be covered include the cell concept; use of microscope in the study of cell; types of cells; structure and function of cell organelles, such as cytoskeleton, mitochondria, chloroplast, ribosome, golgi complex (etc); cell division (mitosis and meiosis); reproduction (sexual and asexual); fertilization; cleavage; gastrulation; organogeny; molecular basis of cell structure and development; carbohydrates (starches, cellulose, simple sugars); proteins (amino acids); enzymes, oils and fats (fatty acids),vitamins.

BIO 209
Advanced Lower Invertebrates
BIO 209 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is an exploratory course in advanced lower invertebrates designed primarily for students in biology. As a practical oriented course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students vis-à-vis diagnosis and identification of advanced lower invertebrates and prepare them for other specialised demonstrations to be encountered at higher levels. Topics to be covered include detailed systematic morphology, life cycle and economic importance of protozoans, cnidarians, ctenophorans, platyhelminthes and nematodes; nematological techniques; general principles and methods of controlling nematodes.

BIO 211
Seedless Plants
BIO 211 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is designed primarily for students in biology (storage technology option) and other biology related disciplines. History and importance of plant classification. Outline of plant classification. Diagnostic Features, Morphology and Biology of Viruses, Bacteria, the major classes of Fungi, Algae, Lichen, Bryophytes and Pteridophytes and their economic importance. Alternation of generation, Fossils and their formations.

BIO 301
Insect Taxonomy
BIO 301 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is an exploratory, first course in insect identification, recognition and naming designed primarily for students in biological sciences. However, it also meets the need of students in other fields such as crop protection and soil sciences. It provides information history of insect evolutions, systems involved in naming insects, identification and classification of different insects as well as collection and preservation of such insects. It involves practical periods aimed at exposing the students to different species of insect to enable them identifies them to families level. Topics to be covered include insect systematic and evolution, successes of insects, use of identication keys, methods of collection and preservation of insects.

BIO 302
SEED PLANTS
BIO 302 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course opens students to the study of the general characteristics, similarities and differences between the Gymnosperms and the Angiosperms. The various groups and orders (living and extinct) of gymnosperms. Studies of examples in each group of the living forms ( morphology and reproduction inclusive). General features of the angiosperms, leaf types, root types, stem types and functions. Morphology and anatomy of root, stem, leaves, floral parts and functions. Fruit formation. Taxonomy of some major economic tropical plants.

BIO 303
General Cytology
BIO 303 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is explanatory and designed primarily for 300level students in biology. It educates the students on different techniques used in the laboratories such as microscopy, autoradiography and fluorescence. As a practical course, the focus is to impart laboratory skills on the students on how to use microscopes for specimen identification and different methods of sample preparation such as fixing, embedding, sectioning e.t.c. Topics to be covered include types of microscopy with emphasis on principles and uses of different types of microscopes, autoradiography and fluorescence. Microscopic study of the anatomy of the cells, tissues and selected organs with emphasis on the relationship between structure and function. Methods used in fixing, embedding, sectioning and staining of some invertebrate and vertebrate organs. Microscopic identification of smears, squashes and sections of the organs of animals/plants. Histochemical studies of tissues.

BIO 304
Leather and Wood Preservation
BIO 304 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

Composition of Hides and Skins. Curing systems such as drying, salt curing and brine curing. Use of short-term preservation as a major means of commercial handling. Wood chemical composition and cell-wall ultra-structure. Air and Kiln seasoning of wood. Dry schedules, defects and methods of prevention. Unconventional methods of preserving wood structures by design. Vacuum pressure and their methods of wood treatment with preservatives.

BIO 305
Molecular Genetics
BIO 305 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

The course is on the genetic structure of prokaryotes, eukaryotes and viruses. The nature of genes as unit of heredity and their location on the chromosome forms the introductory part. The role of the DNA as the genetic store of information for all cellular processes is the focus. It will also teach students the control of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The course will acquaint students with the Watson and Crick double helical structure of DNA. The processes of DNA replication, RNA and protein synthesis will be taught. Recombinant DNA technology and genome sequencing using microorganisms as tools will also be focussed on for practical application in genetic engineering.

BIO 306
Animal Physiology
BIO 306 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is an exploratory, it exposes the students to how the body carry out its day to day activities such as digestion, movement, respiration and co-ordination of neurones. It also entails structure and functions of Nerve cells, Hormones, sources and functions and mechanisms of synaptic transmission which includes resting and action potentials. As a practical course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students so as to be able demonstrate a catalysed action on food materials and the ability to prepare crude Amylase Enzyme on their own. Topics to be covered include Nutrition, excretion, osmoregulation, transport, respiration, nervous coordination, nerve impulses and mechanism of synaptic transmission.

BIO 310
Insect Morphology and Physiology
BIO 310 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is a comparative study of the major structures and organ systems emphasizing the various modifications that are important in the success of insects. A thorough knowledge of insect morphology is essential to a well trained biologist.

BIO 312
Biology of Parasitic Protozoans and Helminths
BIO 312 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is explanatory and designed primarily for 300level students in biology. It seeks to educate the students on the pathology, symptoms/clinical features and diagnostic techniques of parasitic protozoans and helminths. The practical aspect of course is at imparting useful skills on the students particularly on the identification of parasitic infections using their clinical symptoms and diagnostic methods. The course will also equip the students with different preventive and control methods applicable to common parasitic infections such as malaria, amoebiasis, giardiasis, trichomoniasis, dracunculiasis, taeniasis, onchocerciasis e.t.c. Topics to be covered include general account of the important features, life cycles, pathology and diagnostic techniques of diseases caused by parasitic protozoans and helminthes such asamoebiasis, trypanosomiasis, trichomoniasis, taeniasis, fascioliasis, dracucunliasis, ascariasis, elephantiasis, hookworm diseases e.t.c. with special emphasis on vectors where applicable .

BIO 315
Field Course
BIO 315 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

The course is designed to be taken at 300L and compulsory for all students. It is an ecological field course intended to expose the students to the Nigerian biodiversity, relevance of conservation and also provide field training in different sampling techniques in population ecology. Students shall also learn the general conduct, specific preparations, danger, precautions and equipment concerned with ecological field trips. The course shall be administered in three-fold. The first being weekly lectures, which shall be followed by a one-week field trip across different ecological biomes in the country and finally the writing of examination at the end of the semester. Students are also expected to produce a report of the trip which shall be used along with the examination result for the eventual grade.

BIO 316
STORAGE MOCROBIOLOGY
BIO 316 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course opens students to the study of the effects of microorganisms on stored food and their control, it is designed primarily for students in storage technology and allied disciplines. However, it also meets the need of students in other fields, as a course that provides training on the importance, detection and control of microorganism in storage practice. The course is a theory and practical course, the focus is to impart useful knowledge on the students in order to enhance their knowledge of food storage and control of microorganisms that are responsible for the loss of agricultural products on the field or in the store. Topics to be covered include importance of microorganisms, methods of detecting the presence of microorganisms in food, parameters of food that affect microbial growth, effect of microbial growth on food, microorganisms of industrial importance, culture techniques, maintenance of selected culture, integrated control of storage pests and microbes and the economics of controlling stored product microbes in specialized structures such as silos and cribs.

BIO 319
GENERAL ECOLOGY
BIO 319 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course opens students to the study of the ecosystem approach to the study of ecology. Population and community dynamics. Influence of man on the ecosystem. Conservation of natural resources including current environmental issues like Biodiversity loss, climate change and pollution. The future of man and the environment.COURSE OBJECTIVES

BIO 327
General Parasitology
BIO 327 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is explanatory and designed primarily for 300level students in biology. It educates the students on animal associations with emphasis on parasitism. It also gives the students foundational knowledge on epidemiology and control of tropical parasitic infections. Topics to be covered include animal associations, the nature of parasitism, the host-parasite relation, concept and the evolution of parasitic mode of life, advantages and disadvantages of parasitism, host specificity and susceptibility, epidemiology and control of common tropical parasitic infections, transmission of parasites from host to host and the role of vectors in the transmission of parasitic diseases.

BIO 401
Population Genetics
BIO 401 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

The course deals with an in-depth study into the area of Population genetics. It also involves passing across to the students how the principles of Mendelian genetics plays a role in Population genetics as well as the scope and areas of application of Population genetics. The practical aspect aims at developing skills of studying large populations of organisms and understanding the inherent genetic attributes possessed by these organisms and how it affects them and the outcome of research works. Topics to be covered include the statistical basis of population genetics, Gene and genotype frequencies, the Hardy-Weinberg principle and its uses, evolutionary processes, ecological and environmental genetics.

BIO 403
: Cytogenetics
BIO 403 | BIO | 1st Semester |

Course Synopsis

Cytogenetics and its importance/significance in genetics studies. Cell structure and functions. Cell divisions (Mitosis and Meiosis) including the cell cycle. Gametogenesis. Morphology and karyotyping of chromosomes. Chromosome aberrations (Structural and Numerical). Polyploidy and the role of chromosomes and evolution. Application of polyploidy in plant breeding.

BIO 405
Microbiological Methods in Storage Practice
BIO 405 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is designed to teach the special application of microbiology in storage practice. It is a practical applied course that focuses on assessing the microbiological quality of stored products, detecting and identifying spoilage organisms, and techniques of controlling microbial invasion of stored products and stores. The course will acquaint students with simple, basic investigative methods and maintaining microbiological standards which are necessary for good storage practice. The various tests that can be carried out while assessing the microbiological quality of products relevant in other applications of Biology will also be taught.

BIO 411
Storage Equipment Technology
BIO 411 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

Grain processing and grinding equipment. Grain cleaning andgrading equipment. General principle of crop and grain drying, storage and handling structures. Measuring instruments for crop drying processes. Power of storage machinery. Different types of conveyors and their mechanisms. A guide to the major items equipment used for the application of pesticides. Field tests for equipment. Choice of equipment. Grain drier installation.

BIO 413
Biology of Pests of Stored Products and Their Control
BIO 413 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

In general reference to stored products insects is generally made to coleopterous and lepidopterous pests whose damage to stored products is severe and persistence. This course is an eye opener for the students into different pests that affect stored product with emphasis on their biology, mode of infestation conditions that favour their developments in foods and how they can be controlled. It involves practical periods aimed at exposing the students to different pests affecting different stored products with emphasis on developmental identification of the various developmental stages. Topics to be covered include invertebrate pests of dried fish, meat and leather; invertebrate pest of cereal (weevils); invertebrate legumes and pulses; invertebrate pests of fruits and vegetables; invertebrate pests of roots and tubers; microorganisms of stored food; vertebrate pests and non chemical control of stored product pest.

BIO 415
Storage Techniques
BIO 415 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

Importance of storage. Storage losses. Factors affecting storage ability of commodities. Traditional and modern techniques used for the storage of diverse agricultural products with particular emphasis on dry and wet foods. Principles and methods of preservation of food, fish, wildlife products e.g drying, salting, refrigeration, canning etc. Quality of products in storage e.g degree of ripening, physical, biological and chemical characteristics of major stored products. Pre and Postharvest storage techniques under different ecological and climatic conditions.

BIO 417
Food Preservation and Packaging
BIO 417 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is designed primarily for students in biology (storage technology option) and other biology related disciplines. The course explores the methods of food preservation and packaging, it enhances the knowledge of the students in microbiology of food preservation by heat processing, irradiation, low temperature storage, chemical preservatives, modification of atmosphere, control of water activity, and compartmentalization. The course will also teach insect contaminants as spoilage organism and the characteristics of packaging materials, migration of substances from packages into food and their health implications and packaging requirement for raw and processed food for local and foreign markets. The practical aspect of the course focuses demonstration of the effectiveness of the heat process on microorganisms (spores of fungi and the cells of bacteria isolated from food samples), development of chilling injuries on tropical fruits such as banana when stored in low temperature, storage of plantain or other tropical fruits in modified atmosphere and the results compared with the effect of the low temperature storage of such fruits. The practical aspect of the course will also teach the basic characteristics of the packaging materials of the import products, export products and the local products. The understanding of the rationale behind the practical procedures will enhance the student’s ability to design their own procedures if necessary as they advance to higher levels.

BIO 427
Warehouse Management
BIO 427 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is an applied course in the filed of warehouse management for the 400l students in biology and allied disciplines. However, it also meets the need of other student doing applied biology, as an applied course, the focus is to impact useful skill on the student. In order to enrich their knowledge in warehouse management and produce inspection techniques. The topic to cover includes store terminologies, principles of store management, record keeping, store hygiene, plant and equipment sanitation, measure aimed at maintaining the quality of stored commodities such as stacking, controlled ventilation, produce tracking system, sampling and inspection of commodities.

BIO 501
Bioillustration
BIO 501 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is an exploratory, which provides hands-on training for the students in the use of Laboratory and Digital camera for taken photographs of animals, parasites, plants events e.t.c. It also trains the students in the use of visual aids for seminar presentations, scientific reports and conferences. It equips the students on Data analysis, presentation and interpretation. They understand the steps in report and references writing. In addition, the students will be to prepare herbarium, insects for storage and skeletons for display even for commercial purpose. Topics to be covered include; Basic principles of Bioillustration; Digital photography and uses; preparation and use of visual aids for seminars and conferences; Data analysis, presentation and interpretation; Referencing; Mounting of plant and insect specimens for display.

BIO 502
Applied Storage Techniques
BIO 502 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course involves field trips including visit to warehouses, stores, feed mills, bakeries, canning factories, sawmills, leather and wood processing factories, farms and fumigation centre involved in controlling stored product pest and household pest, theory and practical involving pest identification, pest monitoring, pest detection. As a practical course, as well as field trips course, students will learn how to manage a warehouse for stored product, also gain practical knowledge on the technology involve in processing food and other agricultural product in industries. Develop skill on controlling of stored product pest and urban pest. Topic include pesticide formulation; preparation of pesticide formulation; role of inert ingredient; pesticide mixing technology; calculation of active ingredient content of formulations; and knapsack sprayer calibration.

BIO 503
Biostatistics
BIO 503 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This is an introductory course in statistical methods involving data collection, assembling, analysis and interpretations. It also includes normal distribution, measures of central tendency and dispersions, setting confidence interval, testing hypothesis, correlation and regression analyses. A thorough knowledge of biostatistics is very important to a well trained biologist.

BIO 505
Applied Entomology
BIO 505 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is an applied course in the field of entomology for the final year student in biology and allied disciplines. However, it also meet the need of other students doing biology, crop production and protection, etc. as an applied course, the focus is to impact useful skills on the students. In order to enhance their knowledge of pesticide formulation and application, topic to cover include definition of applied entomology and classification of insects according to their economic importance, ecology and biology of insect of medical and agricultural importance, insect pest of important tropical crops, insect pest management techniques, types of insecticides and problem associated with their use.

BIO 506
Quality Control in Storage Practice
BIO 506 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course introduces the students to quality control practices in stored products. Quality control tests in stored foods including proximate analysis, floatation techniques, objective and subjective tests. Organoleptic properties of foods. Food enzymes, their classification, use, action and factors affecting enzymes action. Chemistry of stored products pesticides including insecticides, fungicides, rodenticides and residue analysis. Statistical methods of quality assurance.

BIO 507
Vector and Pest Management
BIO 507 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is explanatory and designed primarily for final year students in biology. It provides hands-on training in identification, classification and control of pests and vectors of economic importance with particular emphasis on integrated pest management (IPM). As a practical course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students on various pest and vector control measures and their limitations, pesticide mechanism of action and determination of lethal dose factors (LD/LC/LT50). Topics to be covered include vectors and pests of economic importance, problems pose by pests on crops in field and storage, biology of insect vector of human and animal diseases and their control e.g mosquitoes, housefly, tsetsefly e.t.c. Pest management concept, vector and pest control measures and their limitations, mechanism of actions of pesticides and antimicrobial agents. Lethal dose factors (LD/LC/LT50).

BIO 508
Applied Vector and Pest Management
BIO 508 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is explanatory and designed primarily for final year students in biology. It provides hands-on training in pest and vector management with particular emphasis on pest, pesticide formulation and application. As a practical course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students on pesticide formulation, equipment used for applying the pesticide and different methods of pest and vector control. Topics to be covered include practical concepts of pest management including spraying, fumigation, dusting and fogging. Pesticide formulation and application for vector and pest control. Practical methods used in various institutions for pest control. Practical demonstration of control of some invertebrate and vertebrate pests of economic importance.

BIO 509
Applied Parasitology
BIO 509 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is an applied aspect of parasitology for students in biology and allied disciplines. It entails how parasites gain entrance into their hosts, adaptations for survival which includes feeding and effects produced on the host. Also it embraces cells and the functions of the Immune system against the invasion of these parasites. The focus is to impart useful skills on the students in order to enhance their literacy level on personal hygiene prevention zoonotic diseases. It also introduces them to immunization against some tropical diseases and the building of immunity which may be active or passive in an individual. Topics to be covered include Blood components and their functions; parasite nutrition; cells and functions of the immune system; Specific and Non specific responses; counter measures to vertebrate defences; zoonosis and Immunization method against major parasitic diseases.

BIO 511
Soil Ecology
BIO 511 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course opens students to the study of the ecology of the soil, it is designed primarily for students in storage technology and allied disciplines. However, it also meets the need of students in other fields, as a course that provides training on the importance of the soil, soil organisms and their characteristics. The course is a theory and practical course, the focus is to impart useful knowledge on the students in order to enhance their knowledge of the adaptations of the organisms living in the soil. Topics to be covered include definition of soil, soil type, soil profile, soil moisture, soil permeability, soil texture, soil porosity and soil formation. Others include acidity and alkalinity of the soil, humus and soil fertility, physical and chemical nature of soil organisms, cycling of minerals and nutrient pools, nutritional adaptations of soil animals, extraction procedure of soil organisms, sampling of the soil layers for different soil organisms, identification of the soil organisms and the ways of adaptation of these soil organisms.

BIO 512
Storage Mycology
BIO 512 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is an applied course in microbiology designed as an advanced follow up for students who have taken introductory courses in storage microbiology. It is designed for storage specialists who will be involved in understanding the basis of attack of stored products by fungi in order to develop effective control measures against such attacks. Being a course in mycology, it will also enable students to know the types, structure and biology of the various kinds of fungi especially those that are responsible for the deterioration of stored organic and inorganic materials. It will also acquaint students with the knowledge of the various types of fungal degradation and deteriorations that exists in nature and storage.

BIO 514
Systematic Biology
BIO 514 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course teaches the science of taxonomy, it describes the foundational principles of naming, classification and the hierarchy of taxa. It teaches the methods of reconstruction of evolutionary pattern/ phylogenetic relationship. Topics to be covered include the science of taxonomy/systematic;its history and development, theories of biological classification and their history, taxonomic collection and the process of classification, taxomonic character, the methods of classifying (Archetypical and hierarchical), zoological/botanical nomenclature, the specie concept, the rules of zoological nomenclature, interpretation of the rules of nomenclature, the methods of reconstruction of evolutionary pattern/phylogenetic relationship and taxonomic publication

BIO102
General Biology II
BIO102 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is explanatory and designed primarily for 100level students in biological sciences, agricultural sciences, environmental sciences and computer sciences. It introduces the students to adaptation, ecology and evolution of different groups of animals. Topics to be covered include a generalized survey of the animal kingdom based mainly on the study of similarities and differences in external features; ecological adaptation of animals; structural, functional and evolutionary study of protozoans, coelenterates, platyhelminthes, nematodes, annelids, arthropods, echinoderms and molluscs; evolutionary sequence in the form and functions of protochordates and various classes of vertebrates; introduction to ecology to include simple ecological facts in terrestrial and aquatic habitats and their relationship between an organism and its environment.

BIO202
Introductory Ecology and Evolution
BIO202 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

The course is designed for 200level students in the department of Biology and Microbiology. Its delivery is very interactive and instructed to cover concepts and definitions of ecosystems, biotic interactions, energy flow and nutrient cycle in ecosystems. Other topics include trophic structure and productivity, concepts of evolution and origin of life including evidences supporting evolution. Geological time scale of evolutionary events, genetic variation and separation, evolution of selected organisms particularly the hominid line.

BIO204
Biological Techniques
BIO204 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is explanatory and designed primarily for 200level students in biology and biochemistry. It educates the students on different techniques used in the laboratories and methods of detecting contaminants in stored commodities. As a practical course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students on how to use microscopes for specimen identification, how to prepare slides of cells, tissues and parasites, and also different analytical methods used in the laboratories. Topics to be covered include microscopy, preparation of microscopic slides, photometry, colorimetry, chromatography, conductometry, experimental design, electrophoretic techniques, centrifugation and techniques used in detecting contaminants in stored commodities.

BIO206
Plant Physiology
BIO206 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is designed primarily for students in biology (storage technology option) and other biology related disciplines. The course explores the physiological processes pertinent to plants, it enhance the knowledge of the students in biological molecules, photosynthesis, respiration, transport, growth, flowering plant, growth substances and the physiological aspects of crop yield. The practical aspect of the course focuses on carrying out simple tests to identify some of the common biochemicals (qualitative analysis) in plants and to measure their amounts (quantitative analysis), to practically study and be able to explain the different physiological activities necessary for growth and development of plants. Determine the underlining physiological activities that explain the characteristics of plant materials observed when still attached onto the parent plant, after harvesting and during storage. The understanding of the rationale behind the practical procedures will enhance the student’s ability to design their own procedures if necessary as they advance to higher levels.

BIO208
Histology
BIO208 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is designed primarily for students in biology (storage technology option) and other biology related disciplines. The course explores the histological processes pertinent to plants and animals. It enhance the knowledge of the students in the classification of plant tissue based on cell type ie simple plant tissue and more complex plant tissues. Also on the animal epithelial tissue types which include the connective tissue types,muscle tissues and the nervous tissues. The practical aspect of the course focuses on the different techniques used in the preparation of temporary and permanent plant tissue sections and also animal histological techniques such as fixation, dehydration, of identification keys. Diagnostic features of insect taxa, insect collection methods, identification and preservation techniques. The understanding of the rationale behind the practical procedures will enhance the student’s ability to design their own procedures if necessary as they advance to higher levels.

CHE 101
Basic General Chemistry I
CHE 101 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

Atoms, atomic structures, atomic theory, aufbau method, Hund’s rule, Pauli Exclusion principles, atomic spectra, molecules and chemical reaction, energetics, chemical equation and stoichiometry, atomic Structure and; Modern electronic theory of atoms; Radioactivity; Chemical kinetics, collision theory, Kinetic theory of gases, solution, solubility and solubility product. Electro chemistry, electrode potential, half-cell equation.

CHE 203
Organic Chemistry I
CHE 203 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is an important course for the chemistry students, it is meant to expose the student to the interesting chemistry of carbon in organic chemistry. The topics to cover include: Carbon in Organic chemistry, the concept of hybridization, structures and shapes of organic compounds, factors affecting organic reactions, bond breaking during organic reactions, types of reactions simple treatments of functional groups and analysis to identify functional groups.

CHE 419
Food Chemistry
CHE 419 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

Food Chemistry is the major aspect of food science,it is the science that deals with the compositions and properties of food and the chemical changes that it undergoes.The topics to cover include occurrence, structures and functions of carbohydrates,proteins,fats and oils,their physical and chemical properties.Starch behaviour during baking and staling of bread.Glucose syrup,chemistry of enzymatic and non-enzymatic products,ripening and maturation of fruits,pectic substances and their uses.Others include the chemistry of fermentation processes in food industry,effects of enzymes in foods and enzymatic and non-enzsymatic browning.

CHE 102
Basic General Chemistry II
CHE 102 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

Historical survey of the development and importance of organic chemistry, nomenclature and classes of organic and purification of organics compounds; qualitative and quantitative organic chemistry; stereo chemistry; determination of structure of organic compounds; Electronic theory in organic chemistry; saturated hydrocarbons; alkanes. Unsaturated hydrocarbons; alkenes, alkynes and aromatics. Functional group; carbonyls, halides, carboxylic acids and hydroxyl. Periodic table and periodic properties; periodic law. Moseley’s law, Valence Forces; structure of Solids; molecular and ionic forces. The Chemistry of selected metals and non- metals Quantitative analysis.

CSC102
Introduction to Computer Science
CSC102 | BIO | 1st Semester |

Course Synopsis

- History of Computers - Characteristics of a Computer System - Introductory to Programming - Strategies and techniques for application development - structured programming - problem decomposition and organization - basic debugging skills - visual basic programming language

CSP 201
General Agriculture Theory
CSP 201 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

Importance and scope of agriculture. Land and its uses with particular reference to agriculture. Introductory crop production. Agricultural ecology of Nigeria. Agronomy of some arable crops. Land preparation. Harvesting, processing and reservation method. Farm tools and machinery including tractor driving and by-products. Basic farm management techniques. Fisheries and wildlife production. Forest products. General introduction to livestock production and health.

CSP 210
General Agriculture Practical
CSP 210 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This will involve field planting. Each student will be allocated a field plot for the planting and management of an arable crop. Students will be exposed to practical work in animal production and health, fisheries and wildlife management, and crop and forestry nurseries.

GNS101
USE of ENGLISH l
GNS101 | BIO | 1st Semester |

Course Synopsis

GNS 101 is English for Academic Purpose (EAP) course. The objective of this course is to equip students with skills that are necessary for learning and studying effectively in a university and communicating in English as a Second Language. Topics taught include: Time Management; Study Skills; Scientific Word Formation; Parts of Speech; Aspects of English grammar, Note-taking/Note-making.

MCB 201
General Microbiology I
MCB 201 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

The course encompasses the basic skills that are employed in the field of microbiology. Emphasis is laid on the historical aspects of microbiology, naming, classification and types of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, virus, algae, etc.). The focus is meant to impart useful knowledge on the students on the growth and reproduction of microorganisms, different methods of controlling microorganisms, sterilization and disinfection. Also, it also entails the study of some infectious diseases, emerging infectious diseases and Normal microbiota. This will improve their practical skills on the various ways of culturing microorganism and maintaining aseptic conditions in the laboratory.

MCB 401
INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY
MCB 401 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

MCB 401 is a course that will help student appreciate the relevance of microorganisms in the production of some useful human products. This course will describe microorganisms of industrial importance as a factory in miniature. The initial fear that most students have that microorganisms can only cause sicknesses and diseases will be dispelled. The isolation, identification and conditions under which microorganisms can produce various products will be studied.

MEE 101
Engineering Drawing I
MEE 101 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is designed primarily for all students admitted into the Federal University of Technology, Akure. It provides a comprehensive knowledge and insight into engineering drawing as a basic tool of engineering. Topics to be covered include: Instruments for engineering drawing and their uses. Drawing Paper Sizes; Margins; and Title Blocks. Lettering and types of line. Geometrical construction: bisection of lines and angles and their applications. Polygon, tangency, locus of simple mechanisms. Pictorial drawing; Isometric, oblique and perspectives. Orthographic projection. Dimensioning and development of simple shapes. Assembly drawing of simple components. Conventional representation of common engineering features. Freehand sketching. Use of engineering drawing software of the department.

MEE 102
Workshop Practice
MEE 102 | BIO | 1st Semester |

Course Synopsis

This course is one of the preparatory courses on basic manufacturing processes, an important aspect of Mechanical Engineering. It is a compulsory course taken by all 100 level students in the university. The course is practically oriented and designed to introduce students to Mechanical Engineering workshop practices, manufacturing processes and properties of engineering materials which will help them as they progress in their courses. The course will help the students to be conversant with the workshop hazard and to observe all safety practices and codes. It cuts across all sections and departments of Mechanical Engineering workshop. Topics to be covered include introduction to basic manufacturing processes, organisation of workshop, workshop hazard and safety practices and codes, properties of engineering materials, bench-work and fitting, introduction to turning exercises (straight and step turning chamfering, screw cutting), milling and milling exercise, drilling techniques and exercise, sheet metal work, welding and soldering technique with exercises. Others are properties of wood, wood work and joinery exercises, workshop measurements, refrigeration and airconditioning: principles of operation, refrigerants and trouble shooting, Methods of leak detection, charging and discharging, safety precautions.

MTS 102
Introductory Mathematics II
MTS 102 | BIO | 1st Semester |

Course Synopsis

Function of a Real Variable: Definition of Functions of Real variable, Types of function. Graph of a function of real variables: Graphical representation.Limits and continuity of functions of real variables: Idea of limits of functions of real variable, the rate of change of a function, differentiation from first principle, the concept of continuity of function of real variable, Limits and limit location.Techniques of differentiation:Differentiation of the sum and difference of functions, differentiation of a product of functions, differentiation of a quotient of functions second and higher derivatives, differentiation of a function of a function, differentiation of inverse functions, differentiation of implicit functions, differentiation from parametric equations. Application of differentiation: Applications to kinematics, the tangent and normal to a curve, the maximum and minimum of a function.Extreme curve sketching: Turning points of a curve,minimum and maximum values of a curve.Integration: Integration of a constant,methods of integration , integration of rational algebraic fractions, integration by substitution, integration by partial fractions, integration of trigonometric functions . Applications of integration: Application of geometry and mechanics, areas of plane shapes,volume of plane shapes.

PHY 101
General Physics I (Mechanics)
PHY 101 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

Space and Time, frames of reference, Invariance of physical laws, relativity of simultaneity, relativity of time intervals, relativity of length, units and dimension; standards and units, unit consistency and conversions. Kinematics vectors and vector addition, components of vectors, unit vectors, products of vectors. Displacement, Time and average velocity, instantaneous velocity, average acceleration, motion with constant acceleration, freely falling bodies, position and velocity vectors, acceleration vector, projectile motion. Motion in a circle and relative velocity. Fundamental laws of mechanics: forces and interactions, Newton’s first law, Newton’s second law, mass and weight, Newton’s third law. Statics and dynamics: application of Newton’s laws, dynamics of particles, frictional forces, dynamics of circular motion. Galilean invariance, universal gravitation, gravitational potential energy, elastic potential energy, conservative and non-conservative forces. Work and energy, kinetic energy and the workenergy theorem, power, momentum and impulse, conservation of momentum, collisions and momentum conservation, elastic collisions, centre of mass. Rotational dynamics and angular momentum angular velocity and acceleration, energy in rotational motion, parallel axis theorem, torque, torque and rotation about a moving axis, simple harmonic motion and its applications. The simple pendulum, damped oscillations, forced oscillations and resonance.

PHY 103
General Physics III
PHY 103 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is an exploratory course. It is designed to meet the need of the students in the basic knowledge of Physics especially in the area of the properties of matter which is an essential ingredient for the understanding of the principle of the movement of particles in materials. The course will meet the need of students in physical, chemical and biological sciences. It is also a relevant material for students in engineering and also finds useful applications in environmental science and technology.

PHY 107
Experimental Physics
PHY 107 | BIO | 1st Semester |  Download Courseware PDF

Course Synopsis

This course is an exploratory practical course in physics. It is designed for students in Physics and allied disciplines. It is a course designed so as to provide hands-on training in the use of some laboratory equipments as well as in report writing. As a practical course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students in order to enhance their knowledge in Physics. Students are made to perform some experiments in the laboratory. These experiments are taking from mechanics and properties of matter and Optics, which are the core aspects of the Physics courses taking by students at the first semester of their 100 Level. Here, six major experiments are to be set and demonstrated for students. They are: i).Measurements, ii) Determination of acceleration due to gravity using spiral spring method, iii) Determination of acceleration due to gravity using compound pendulum method, iv) Determination of moment of inertia of a rigid body, v) Determination of refractive index of glass using rectangular prism, vi) Determination of refractive index of glass using triangular prism.